Advancing Epigenetics Towards Systems Biology

Genetic code

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Genetic code
Three bases (e.g. 5'CGC3') in a DNA or RNA sequence specify a codon, which codes for an amino acid (e.g. arginine) in a protein. Genes are frequently tens of thousands of base-pairs long. Usually the codons of an exon are in phase within an uninterrupted open reading frame giving rise to long chains of amino acids after ribosomal translation.
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