Advancing Epigenetics Towards Systems Biology

Glossary

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Facio-scapulo-humeral dystrophy
(FSHD) One of the most common types of muscular dystrophy caused most frequently by an autosomal dominant mutation in an as yet unidentified gene. Initial weakness is seen in facial muscles.
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Fission yeast
A type of fungus that reproduces exclusively by medial fission to produce two daughter cells of equal sizes. Saccharomyces pombe is the best-known species and was isolated in 1893 by Lindner from East African millet beer. It is an important eukaryotic microorganisms serving as model organism for molecular biological research, i.e. especially cell cycle research. See also budding yeast.
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Friendly bacteria
A common reference to those bacteria that offer some benefit to human hosts, such as Lactobacillus species, which convert milk protein to lactic acid in the gut. The presence of such bacterial colonies also inhibits the growth of potentially pathogenic bacteria.
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